North Kordofan State is located in the central part of Sudan between the longitudes 18.26-32.12° E and 25.35-26.56° W, and latitudes 12.36-18.52° N and 12.14-13.37° S, with an area equivalent to 195,280 Km2 (48 million Feddans). The state is bordered by six states namely; West Kordofan, South Kordofan, While Nile, North Darfur, Nile River and Khartoum.
North Kordofan State is dominated by three climatic zones; the desert and in the northern part of the state, bordered by semi-desert to the mid-south and low rainfall savanna in the Southern part. Rain is during summer season (July to October).
The state is characterized by various types of soil including sand, clay, sand pedi-plain, precipitated soils and loamy-sand.
The population of the state was projected to 3.5 million inhabitants in 2016 according to the annual population growth rate 2.8 based on Sudan National Census (2.9 million) in 2008, of which 79% practice agriculture and livestock activities. Regarding ethnicity, the state is dominated by many tribes encompassing Bederia, Gawama, Kababish, Shewihat, Shanabla and Galaba Hawara, etc.
- The state is administratively divided into eight localities (Umm Rawaba, Shikan, Sodari, Jibra al-Shaykh Errahad, Umm Dam Haj Ahmed, Bara and West Bara).
- The localities include 51 administrative units.
- These administrative units comprise about 3124 different quarters, Fareegs and villages.
- The administrative setup at the low level is represented by 1355 public committees.
North Kordofan State distinguishes itself by having high economic potentialities and plentiful investment opportunities, which contributes to the pioneer position acquired by the state at the national level.
- Strategic and distinctive geographical location.
- Prevalence of excellence natural range lands, healthy livestock and highly fertile productive lands.
- Plentiful ground and surface water.
- Existence of certified international airport..
- Presence of the newly-established dry-port.
- Suitable high-ways network (internal and external paved roads).
- Presence of Elobeid crop market as an open auction market intended to be an international electronic bursa.
- Presence of advanced fiber optics communication networking to facilitate national and international contacts.
- Availability of effective investment base and highly skilled labor.
- Presence of Public and private education for boys and girls in the state (1530 basic schools and 154 high secondary schools)
- The state is hosting some national higher education institutions. Under this context, the University of Kordofan has been established in 1990. The university was started with Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies and extended over the last 27 years to include several faculties, institutes and center (Medicine and Health Science, Education, Economics and Commercial Studies, Engineering and Technical Studies, Science, Computer Science and Statistics Studies, Art, Community Development, Institute of Gum Arabic Research and Desertification Studies, Peace and Development and Islamic Knowledge and behavioral Science and Medical Diagnostic Center). The state also encompasses University of Holly Quran, Islamic University- Elobeid branch, Sudan Open University, Elobeid Technical College, Developmental and Technological College, North Kordofan College and Um Ruwaba Technical College for vocational training.
- Existence of touristic hotels offering comfortable accommodation with affordable prices for investors and tourists.
- Availability of 35 commercial banks availing finance and micro finance facilities.
State Water sources
The state has diversify water sources ranges from underground to surface water (Bara, Um Ruwaba. Nubian stand-stone water basins). The total ground water table content is approximated to be 24.166 billion cubic meter. In addition to that, about 300 million cubic meter as a total annual content is offered by the seasonal streams and water courses. In this regard, about 100 million cubic meter is estimated to be the annual in-charge of water from Khor Abu habbel only. It worth to mention that the unexploited surface water from these sources is equivalent to 354.75 million cubic meter including 57 and 64 million cubic meters from surface and underground water of Erahad lake, respectively.